Rochester Institute of Technology Attachment theory is one of the most studied aspects of psychology today. The attachment model explains infant behavior towards their attachment figure, during separation and reunion times. It is believed that attachment behaviors formed in infancy will help shape the attachment relationships people have as adults. Some psychologists, such as Harris and Field, disagree with this idea.
Mary Ainsworth's "Strange Situation" Advantages High Internal Validity - Ainswoth controlled many factors within her experiement, such as; Same Stranger for each child, same amount of time with ,without the child, Mother's behaviour was controlled, how much time with and without the child, etc.
This means the study can be replicated many times to check for consitency of results. Also, researchers stood behind a one-way mirror and observed Mother-Child and stranger-child relations.
It is clear what type of attachment the child shows.
Disadvantages Low External Validity - The experiment occured in an artifical envrioment, which may have caused the child distress, and affect the results. The data from the study cannot be easily appiled to the outside world Only looks at Mother - Child relationships - Ainsworth only tested Mother-Child relationships in her study.
This again brings down the representativeness of the data; the results cannot be applied to any other form of relationship with infants into attachment, such as; Father-Child, Grandparent-Child, Sibling-Child, etc.Mary Ainsworth's research work on attachment helps us to understand the child development better.
Today, the technique of Ainsworth's Strange Situation is commonly used in psychiatry and psychology to examine the . The Strange situation is a procedure devised by Mary Ainsworth in the s to observe attachment relationships between a caregiver and child.
It applies to children between the age of nine and 18 months. Broadly speaking, the attachment styles were (1) secure, (2) insecure (ambivalent and avoidance).
Ainsworth’s Strange Situation () used structured observational research to assess & measure the quality of attachment.
It has 8 pre-determined stages, including the mother leaving the child, for a short while, to play with available toys in the presence of a stranger & alone and the mother.
Outline the procedure used in Ainsworth’s “Strange Situation” and the classifications of attachment that result. In the original study, to month old infants were subjected to a strange setting – which involved the parent briefly leaving the child alone in a .
Ethics On Mary Ainsworth Strange Situations Study.
Ainsworth Strange Situation Studies The Strange Situation procedure, developed by American psychologist Mary Ainsworth, is widely used in child development webkandii.com research in psychology has focused on how forms of .
Mary Ainsworth's "Strange Situation" A basic overview of the Strengths (advantages) and Weaknesses (disadvantages) of Mary Ainsworth's 'Strange Situation" study on Attachment Types. Criticism is .