Existentialism Jean-Paul Sartre and Soren Kierkegaard are two widely known existentialists who agree on many of the main principles of existentialism, but also disagree on several of the finer details. For example, they both agree that what matters most is action. First, I will examine what Sartre means by anguish. Having this absolute freedom means that every action we take is the result of a conscious choice from many possibilities.
View Full Essay Words: This is the context that favors ultimate questions by the very nature of our lives. Meaning Kierkegaard nietzsche and existentialism essay be constructed by making a choice in such absurd situation.
Meursault's act of murder can be interpreted as an act of courage, a provocation he addressed to death and to uncertainty.
Furthermore, extreme situations make hiding impossible and are considered a way of clarifying motives and drives.
The existentialist theme of anxiety regarding life, death, contingencies, and extreme situations is obvious in this context and is related to the theme of absurd. For instance, Meursault, while imprisoned, in his cell he realized that he does not an appropriate way of escaping, also because he was never interested in ways of escaping before.
However, it should be noticed that Camus' particular form of existentialism is also characterized by observation, detachment and a certain irony towards existence. Moreover, he does not seem to be…… [Read More] Existentialism in "The Stranger" by Albert Camus The central themes of existentialism identified in philosophical works and in literature as well are: All of these themes and more appear in Camus' novel, The Stranger As theorist of the absurd, Camus introduces this theme in The Stranger as well.
The plot of the novel in itself is quite simple as it involves the shooting of an Arab and a subsequent trial by a character called Meursault. But however, the sensibility and atmosphere is pervasive, creating a sense of unreal by favoring up to a certain point irrationality and the sense of absurdity of human life.
For instance, Meursault makes certain decisions that have no rational support, at least for the readers; we, as readers are unable to perceive the real substrate for his actions. No reasons are obvious as to why he marries Marie or decide to murder an Arab.
Camus wants to reinforce in this way the fact that Meursault is a stranger within a clear-cut society. The fact is obvious in the novel, especially in the second half of The Stranger, where Camus depicts society's attempt to manufacture meaning behind Meursault's actions.
The trial is absurd in that the judge, prosecutors, lawyers and jury try to find meaning where none is to be found. This is another great illustration of the absurd in this novel. Absurdity is a philosophical perspective which may appear as a result of a very repetitive existence in Camus' opinion.
However, as an existentialist theme in The Stranger, is connected with the search of meaning. Meursault is a human who found himself "thrown" Heidegger into a world with no clear logical, ontological, or moral structure Irvine, A. Moreover, he does not seem to be concerned about penalty, about a punishment for his act.
And that is because the search for meaning of his existence has an inherent morality.Mar 30, · 1. Existentialism Essay existentialism research paper - Words. Existentialism is a philosophy the prospered throughout the twentieth century and holds a variety of important ideals such as Freedom, Individualism, and Existence and Essence.
Although their works and philosophical beliefs predated the existentialism movement by many years, Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche are often considered “founding fathers” of existentialism.
Existentialism: Kierkegaard and Nietzsche Essay Words | 5 Pages. The Merriam – Webster Dictionary defines existentialism as a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate.
The Merriam – Webster Dictionary defines existentialism as a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of.
One can find anticipations of existential thought in many places (for instance, in Socratic irony, Augustine, Pascal, or the late Schelling), but the roots of the problem of existence in its contemporary significance lie in the work of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche.
[In the following essay, Josipovici discusses Kierkegaard's views of fiction and fiction writers, illuminating the parallels between these views and Kierkegaard's doctrine of existence.