Origin[ edit ] There were, I suppose, three possible courses: Which was it to be? Was it possible to let such atrocities go unpunished? It will be remembered that after the First World War alleged criminals were handed over to be tried by Germanyand what a farce that was!
Joseph Stalinthe Soviet leader, initially proposed the execution of 50, toGerman staff officers. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill discussed the possibility of summary execution execution without a trial of high-ranking Nazis, but was persuaded by American leaders that a criminal trial would be more effective.
Among other advantages, criminal proceedings would require documentation of the crimes charged against the defendants and prevent later accusations that the defendants had been condemned without evidence.
Visit Website There were many legal and procedural difficulties to overcome in setting up the Nuremberg trials. First, there was no precedent for an international trial of war criminals. There were earlier instances of prosecution for war crimes, such as the execution of Confederate army officer Henry Wirz for his maltreatment of Union prisoners of war during the American Civil War ; and the courts-martial held by Turkey in to punish those responsible for the Armenian genocide of However, these were trials conducted according to the laws of a single nation rather than, as in the case of the Nuremberg trials, a group of four powers France, Britain, the Soviet Union and the U.
Among other things, the charter defined three categories of crimes: It was determined that civilian officials as well as military officers could be accused of war crimes. The city of Nuremberg also known as Nurnberg in the German state of Bavaria was selected as the location for the trials because its Palace of Justice was relatively undamaged by the war and included a large prison area.
The format of the trial was a mix of legal traditions: There were prosecutors and defense attorneys according to British and American law, but the decisions and sentences were imposed by a tribunal panel of judges rather than a single judge and a jury.
The chief American prosecutor was Robert H. Jacksonan associate justice of the U. Each of the four Allied powers supplied two judges—a main judge and an alternate. One of the indicted men was deemed medically unfit to stand trial, while a second man killed himself before the trial began.
Hitler and two of his top associates, Heinrich Himmler and Joseph Goebbelshad each committed suicide in the spring of before they could be brought to trial.
The defendants were allowed to choose their own lawyers, and the most common defense strategy was that the crimes defined in the London Charter were examples of ex post facto law; that is, they were laws that criminalized actions committed before the laws were drafted.
As the accused men and judges spoke four different languages, the trial saw the introduction of a technological innovation taken for granted today: IBM provided the technology and recruited men and women from international telephone exchanges to provide on-the-spot translations through headphones in English, French, German and Russian.
In the end, the international tribunal found all but three of the defendants guilty. Twelve were sentenced to death, one in absentia, and the rest were given prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life behind bars.
Ten of the condemned were executed by hanging on October 16, These proceedings, lasting from December to Aprilare grouped together as the Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings. They differed from the first trial in that they were conducted before U.
The reason for the change was that growing differences among the four Allied powers had made other joint trials impossible.The Nuremberg trials, Goering and the Nazi high command stand trial.
Within the prison a dangerous mind game is being conducted by Goering and the prison guards who stand watch over the perpetrators of the Holocaust. Coordinates The Nuremberg trials (German: Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World WarThe trials were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany, who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in the.
Nuremberg: Infamy on Trial [Joseph E. Persico] on webkandii.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A vivid reconstruction of the actions of the wartime allies and the Nazi elite at Nuremberg.
Persico eaily carries us into a deeper understanding of the trials.
— New York Newsday/5(56). Nuremberg Tourism: TripAdvisor has , reviews of Nuremberg Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Nuremberg resource. Nov 09, · The best-known of the Nuremberg trials was the Trial of Major War Criminals, held from November 20, , to October 1, The format of the trial was a mix of legal traditions: There were.
The Major War Criminals’ Trial: The best-known of the Nuremberg trials was the Trial of Major War Criminals, held from November 20, , to October 1,